International Experience Canada (IEC) for Young Foreign Nationals
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Canada offers the International Experience Canada (IEC) as a set of programs that allow young foreign nationals to travel to Canada for work temporarily. This program is based on bilateral agreements Canada has with 36 different countries. This means that young Canadian citizens can also find similar opportunities in the participating countries.
Foreign nationals who are successful in applying for one of the programs available under the IEC will become eligible to apply for a Canadian work permit without requiring a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). [A positive LMIA states that there was no other worker available locally to fill the position offered to the foreign national. Therefore, the IEC saves both the employer and the applicants the hassle by not requiring a positive LMIA].
Australia, Austria, Belgium, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Ukraine and the United Kingdom.
Work permits under this program are approved by a randomized draw system. Therefore, your chances of being selected depend on your country and the quota for each program. While there are general eligibility requirements for all three programs, all three have separate criteria. The following programs are available:
The Working Holiday program allows you to apply for an open work permit. This open work permit makes you eligible to work for any employer, anywhere in Canada. Therefore, it is a great choice for applicants who do not have a prearranged offer of employment, want to work for different employers and change locations while working, living and traveling across Canada.
The Young Professionals program is an employer-driven visa program. Therefore, it allows applicants to gain Canadian work experience by working for one Canadian employer. Applicants under this program are issued an employer-specific or closed work permit.
This work permit only allows them to work for a specific employer in a specific location during their stay in Canada. It is a good visa option for applicants who want to be employed in a position that contributes to their professional development, those who want to work for the same employer during their stay in Canada and those who want to be paid and not self-employed.
The International Co-op Internship program is for international students who have to complete an internship or work placement to finish their post-secondary studies.
This program requires the applicant to have a prearranged offer of employment to receive an employer-specific work permit that will allow them to work with the same employer in one specific location during their stay in Canada. It is a good visa choice for applicants who are international students with an employment offer or internship in Canada.
You must note that not all countries will offer all 3 programs like Canada. Also, the eligibility criteria, application procedure and likelihood of being successful will depend on the particular country.
The Working Holiday program requires you to meet the following eligibility criteria:
The Young Professional program will require you to meet the following eligibility requirements to qualify:
To be eligible for the International Co-op Internship program, you will be required to:
Create an IEC profile: You will be required to determine whether your country participates in the IEC programs to select your preferred stream. Then you must create a profile on the IEC website and submit personal information to check your eligibility. Once that is done, you will be automatically added to the IEC pool.
Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA): The IEC regularly conducts a random draw from the IEC pools. These draws are conducted through a randomized draw system. Therefore, if you are selected, you will receive an ITA that will allow you to move onto the next step. It is best to check the visa caps of your country to better determine your chances of success.
Accept the ITA: You must respond to the ITA within 10 days to move forward. Once you have accepted the ITA, you will have 20 days to submit an online application for a work permit in Canada based on your program. If you decline the ITA, then your profile will be returned to the IEC pool to be further considered in future draws.
Submit Work Permit Application: You must submit a work permit application online using the IRCC web portal. You will be able to review all the documentation required to complete your application and submit it on time.
Receive Work Permit: Once your application has been approved for a work permit, you can come to Canada and be authorized to work here.
Due to the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic, applicants will now be required to have a prearranged offer of employment while applying for the Working Holiday program.
Since the IEC draws are conducted at regular intervals, applicants can create a profile any time during the year after the program has been officially open for applications in your country. However, it is best to apply as early as possible to give your application more chances at different draws.
The main difference is that the Young Professionals and the International Co-Op Internship have 2 advantages over the Working Holiday:
Congratulations on taking your first step towards Temporary Residence in Canada!
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