As a permanent resident of Canada, you get to enjoy the advantages and privileges of permanent residency status. Permanent residents are issued a permanent resident card that serves as proof of status and allows you to travel freely outside Canada.
A PR card is valid for a maximum period of 5 years. You must renew your PR card 9 months before the expiration date. If your PR card has already expired, then you can apply for a new PR card.
If your PR card expires, then as a permanent resident, your PR status wouldn't be affected.
What is the Process of Renewing a PR Card?
If your PR card is about to expire, then you must file for renewal to the Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada’s (IRCC) Case Processing Centres (CPC).
To be eligible for a renewal, you must:
- Be present in Canada
- Have not received a removal order
- Not be convicted of a crime related to the misuse of your PR card
- Be a permanent resident
- Not be a Canadian citizen or a registered Indian under the Indian Act
- Meet the permanent residency obligations
You will be required to provide information about your travel history, employment history, and address. Your PR card is renewed based on whether you meet your residency obligation.
You are required to live in Canada for at least 730 days out of every 5 years to maintain your permanent resident status.
You can lose your status as a permanent resident if the PR card renewal application determines that you failed to meet your residency obligations.
You can appeal that decision to the Immigration Appeal Division (IAD) within 60 days of receiving the refusal.
What is an Alternative to a PR Card Renewal?
If you are traveling, you will be required to have a valid PR card when you return to Canada as proof of status. If your PR card has expired while traveling, you can apply for a Permanent Resident Travel Document (PRTD).
A PRTD can be applied only from outside of the country. A PRTD serves as proof of status if you are traveling back to Canada by a commercial vehicle.
A PRTD is issued only if you meet the residency obligation.
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Permanent Resident Card Processing Time
Permanent Resident Card renewals and replacements are usually processed within 2-4 months. If eligible, an applicant can request urgent processing.
Permanent Resident Card Refusal
These are some of the top reasons why a Permanent Resident Card renewal or replacement may be refused:
- Applicant does not meet their residency obligations
- Photos do not meet the specific requirements
- Missing solemn declaration if your current Permanent Resident card was lost, stolen, destroyed or if you did not receive it within 180 days if immigrating to Canada
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Renewing a PR Card
If your PR card has expired, then your permanent residency status is still valid. You will be required to apply for a new PR card.
You can renew your PR card as many times as you want as long as your permanent resident status is valid.
If you are staying in Canada, then you don’t necessarily need to renew your PR card. However, if you plan to travel outside the country, then you will need a valid PR card to serve as proof of status when you return.
You can lose your permanent resident status if you do not meet the residency obligations or become a Canadian citizen. You can also renounce your permanent residency or lose it because of a removal order.
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