How to Apply for a Canada Temporary Resident Permit
A TRP can be applied for at any point. Unlike criminal rehabilitation, a TRP is not subject to a certain time frame in relation to the completion of the sentence. An individual can in fact be granted a TRP while still serving a portion of his or her sentence in certain circumstances.
During the TRP application process, a Canadian Immigration Officer will weigh the inadmissible person's need to enter or remain in Canada against the health and security risks to the Canadian population. Applicants must be able to demonstrate that their entry into Canada is justified, no matter how minor the reason for inadmissibility may seem.
What is Temporary Resident Permit (TRP) for Entry to Canada
A Temporary Resident Permit for entry to Canada is for individuals who are found to be inadmissible to Canada. These individuals can apply for a Temporary Resident Permit to overcome their inadmissibility and be allowed entry into Canada on a temporary basis.
Who Needs a Temporary Resident Permit
A Temporary Resident Permit (TRP) may be issued, at the discretion of Canadian Immigration Authorities, to individuals who would otherwise be inadmissible to Canada because of misrepresentation, criminality, or health issues, permitting them to enter or stay in Canada, where justified by compelling circumstances.
A TRP grants an individuals legal entry to Canada for a certain period of time, despite the fact that the individual is in fact inadmissible. It is essentially a “hall pass” that temporarily excuses the individual's inadmissibility so that he or she may enter Canada. It can be valid for as short as a couple of days up to a maximum of three years.
What Are the Requirements You Must Meet for a TRP?
A temporary resident permit (TRP) may be issued to a foreign national who, in the opinion of an officer, is inadmissible, or who does not meet the requirements of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.
The TRP is always issued at the discretion of the delegated authority and may be cancelled at any time. The delegated authority determines if the individual’s purpose for entering Canada balances Canada’s social, humanitarian and economic commitments to the health and security of Canadians.
In addition, an officer may consider if the need for the foreign national to enter or remain in Canada is compelling, or whether the need for the foreign national's presence in Canada outweighs any risk to Canadians.
Temporary Resident Permit vs. Temporary Resident Visa
A TRV (Temporary Resident Visa) is a visa which is issued to people who are coming to Canada temporarily and not immigrating to Canada permanently. This visa is put into the holder’s passport when it is issued by an officer and shows that the holder has met the requirements to gain entry into Canada as a visitor, worker, or student.
On the other hand, TRP stands for Temporary Resident Permit. This document is a permit that can be granted to visitors to Canada who are otherwise inadmissible. A TRP will let people who under normal circumstances would not be let into Canada by immigration authorities come into the country for a limited amount of time for various purposes such as visiting or tourism (seeing family, weddings, funerals, excursions, etc.), business (meetings, conferences, speaking engagements, etc.), or even awaiting processing of a sponsorship application.
It is possible that someone could need only one of these documents or both a TRP and TRV to come to Canada.
What Are My Chances of Being Issued a TRP?
The issuance outweighs any risks that might exist and is compelling and sufficient to overcome any risks that the individual might pose. A TRP may be issued to any individual at the Port of Entry who is experiencing criminal inadmissibility or other inadmissibility factors. Officers may recommend or issue permits only in accordance with the IRPA and IRPR.
There are no set "chances", it just depends on your specific situation and what the officer determines is the best visa or permit to issue to someone in your situation.
How to Get a Temporary Resident Permit Canada
To apply for a TRP, you will need to submit an application with the supporting documents explaining the reason behind your inadmissibility and why your entry into Canada may be justified.
If you are a citizen of a visa-exempt country, you will need to apply based on the guidelines set out by your specific country as the application form may be different.
Temporary Resident Permit Application Fees
The fee to apply for a Temporary Resident Permit is CAD$200 and will not be refunded if your application is refused.
Canada Temporary Resident Permit Processing Time
The Canada Temporary Resident Permit processing time can take up to 6 months.
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Canada Temporary Resident Permit FAQs
A temporary resident permit (TRP) does not exempt the TRP holder or their family members from the requirement to apply for work or study permits.
When an application for a TRP is received, an officer may consider issuing a work permit to a TRP holder if the TRP is valid for at least six months, or a study permit to a TRP holder or their family members if the TRP is valid for at least six months and they meet the requirements applicable to foreign nationals seeking a study permit.
Most visitors on a TRP can stay for up to six months in Canada.
The five categories of Temporary Residence Applications include application for a working holiday, sponsored employment/training, student permits, applications for skilled/recognized graduates, and miscellaneous applications (such as visitors, retirees, or fiances).
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