If you are applying for a passport, job, pension, or a social insurance number (SIN), etc in Canada, then you will need proof of Canadian citizenship.
Only certain documents can be used to prove Canadian citizenship:
- Citizenship certificates
- Citizenship cards
- Birth certificates like Naturalization Certificates and Registration of Birth Abroad certificates
As a foreign national, you can apply for a citizenship certificate if all steps to become a citizen of Canada have been completed.
What is a Canadian Citizenship Certificate?
A Canadian citizenship certificate is issued to individuals born in Canada, born abroad to Canadian citizens, and to permanent residents who have been granted citizenship.
For permanent residents with Canadian citizenship, a citizenship certificate is the best way to prove citizenship.
The Canadian citizenship certificate includes your legal name, date of birth, gender, and date of citizenship. However, a citizenship certificate is not a travel document.
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Who needs a Canadian Citizenship Certificate?
If you are born abroad to Canadian citizens, you could get a Registration of Birth abroad or apply for a citizenship certificate. A Registration of Birth Abroad is a birth certificate that proves your Canadian citizenship.
However, it may not be acceptable in Canada for certain government departments or employers, so getting a citizenship certificate is beneficial.
Naturalization is the process of obtaining Canadian citizenship. Naturalization is when you apply for citizenship, take the test, and swear the oath. Canadian citizenship certificates are issued after the naturalization ceremony.
However, if you were born in Canada, you do not need a citizenship certificate as your birth certificate will suffice as proof of citizenship anywhere in Canada.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Proof of Canadian Citizenship
A Canadian passport is a travel document and can not be used as proof of citizenship in Canada.
Your Canadian citizenship will expire after you turn 28 unless you take steps to retain your citizenship. Your citizenship certificate will be valid as long as you have Canadian citizenship.
You can use a certificate of naturalization, certificate of registration of birth abroad, or a citizenship certificate as proof of citizenship.
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