You are required to attend an interview with the officials of the US embassy or consulate to finish the final step in the processing of your Permanent Resident Card (“Green Card”) application. Several things may happen if your interview is unsuccessful.
What Happens If You Fail Your Interview at the Consulate?
It is most likely that you applied through a spouse or other immediate relative visa program if you are attending the interview at the consulate office. If your interview is unsuccessful with the consulate officer, then you will receive a document listing the reason for denial.
The most common reasons for the denial are failure to provide complete documents in connection with the visa application or failure to submit credible evidence of your relationship to the petitioner. There might be other specific reasons which will be included in the letter.
These reasons include poorly prepared paperwork. If your interview was unsuccessful due to incomplete documents, then you may receive a Request for Evidence (RFE) to provide additional evidence sufficient to address the existing gaps within 1 year of the date of the interview.
If you fail to provide such evidence, then your relationship with the petition will be considered illegitimate and your application will be denied. You may be issued a Notice of Intent to Deny (NOID) which states that the government intends to deny your green card application.
You will be given a specific time to respond to this notice until a decision is made on your case.