With the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP), Canadian employers can hire temporary foreign workers. The TFWP allows Canadian employers to hire temporary foreign workers for positions that couldn’t be filled by Canadian citizens or permanent residents. This program is jointly operated by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and the Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC).
If you wish to apply for a work permit through the TFWP, then you will require a valid job offer from a designated employer in Canada. You must also meet the admissibility requirements to enter Canada.
Employers will require a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) to hire a foreign worker through the TFWP. A positive LMIA affirms that the employer has met the recruitment requirements. It also states that no Canadian citizen or permanent resident was available to fill the position offered to the temporary foreign worker. The LMIA should state an actual need for the foreign worker to fill a position critical to business operations.
The TFWP helps Canadian employers to hire foreign workers and provides foreign workers all the necessary rights and protections to work in Canada.
Canadian employers can hire a temporary foreign worker under the following streams provided by the TFWP:
Canadian employers who want to hire highly skilled foreign workers who must be paid at or above the median hourly wage relevant to the province or territory where the business is located can apply through this stream.
Employers will be required to apply for an LMIA. The positive LMIA will reaffirm that no Canadian citizen or permanent resident was available for the position offered to the temporary foreign worker. A positive LMIA will authorize the foreign worker to apply for a work permit to the IRCC.
Canadian employers who wish to hire temporary foreign workers paid less than the median hourly wage relevant to their province can apply through this stream.
They will be required to apply for an LMIA. To hire low-wage workers through this stream, the LMIA will require employers to meet certain workplace rights and safety requirements.
Once the LMIA is approved, the foreign worker can apply for a work permit before their LMIA expires.
The Global Talent Stream (GTS) is for businesses (employers) who want to fast-track the process of hiring a highly-skilled foreign temporary worker. The LMIA for work permits is processed faster, enabling Canadian businesses (employers) to hire faster.
The TFWP offers industry-specific streams for Canadian employers who want to hire temporary foreign workers in agriculture-related occupations.
Employers will be required to meet the following general requirements:
If employers meet these conditions, then they can hire a temporary foreign worker through the regular agricultural stream or the Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program (SAWP).
Canadian families who want to hire a temporary foreign worker in caregiver occupations to provide services in a private residence to seniors, children or individuals with high medical needs can do so through this stream. Currently, there are 2 active streams for caregivers:
Canadian institutions often hire foreign academics to improve the quality of education and ensure that Canadian education standards remain globally competitive.
Canadian institutions usually hire foreign workers in research positions that could be exempt from an LMIA requirement. However, if the foreign national does not qualify for an LMIA exemption, then the institution can apply through the TFWP for an LMIA.
Canadian Employers can hire a temporary foreign worker without applying for an LMIA through the International Mobility Program (IMP). The IMP enables employers to hire temporary foreign workers without requiring an LMIA. The LMIA exemption is based on the following criteria:
Employers can also expedite the processing of work authorization applications through the Global Skills Strategy for foreign workers in certain positions.
However, foreign workers must be applying from outside the country. Also, foreign workers must meet 1 of the following conditions:
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Quebec has significant autonomy over its immigration policy. Therefore, if you want to work in Quebec, there are certain distinctions:
In some cases, employers in Quebec can obtain an LMIA exemption if the foreign worker they are hiring meets 1 of the following conditions: